Contoh Report Text


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  • contoh report text tumbuhan
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  • contoh report text tentang teknologi

Di bawah ini merupakan contoh Report Text beserta generic structurenya.

Definisi Report Text

Report text merupakan salah satu bentuk dari teks bahasa Inggris yang berfungsi untuk memberikan informasi mengenai suatu hal/peristiwa/situasi yang didapat setelah melakukan penyelidikan dan pertimbangan-pertimbangan tentang hal tersebut. Teks ini didapat sebagai hasil dari observasi dan analisis suatu kondisi secara sistematis dan bersifat umum.

Perbedaan Report Text dengan Descriptive Text

Perbedaan Report text dan Descriptive text terletak pada fungsinya. Descriptive text berfungsi untuk memberikan informasi khusus mengenai suatu hal, sedangkan Report text berfungsi memberikan informasi umum tentang sesuatu. Sebagai contoh, teks Descriptive berjudul My Lovely Cat, My Favourite Teacher, sementara Report berjudul Cat, Teacher.

Generic Structure Report Text

Struktur teks dari Report Text adalah sebagai berikut:

  1. Identification
    Berisi informasi umum beserta klasifikasinya
  2. Description
    Berisi penjelasan lebih lanjut mengenai ciri, sifat, bentuk, dan penjelasan lainnya.
  3. Tenses yang digunakan adalah Simple Present Tense.

Dibawah ini merupakan contoh-contoh Report text dengan tema yang berbeda. Paragraf yang diberi warna biru merupakan Identification dan selainnya merupakan Description.

Contoh Report Text tentang Tumbuhan

Berikut merupakan contoh Report Text tentang tumbuhan.

Mangrove Trees

A mangrove is a tropical maritime tree or shrub of the genus Rhizophora. Mangroves have special aerial roots and salt-filtering tap roots that enable them to thrive in brackish water (brackish water is salty, but not as salty as seawater).

There are several species of mangrove trees found all over the world. Some prefer more salinity, while others like to be very close to a large fresh water source (such as a river). Some prefer areas that are sheltered from waves. Some species have their roots covered with sea water every day during high tide. Others are more sensitive to salinity, and grow closer to the shore. Other species grow on dry land, but are still part of the ecosystem.

Mangroves need to keep their trunk and leaves above the water line. Yet they also need to be firmly attached to the ground so they are not moved by waves.

There are three types of mangrove roots that help in this process. The first is mangrove supports roots which directly pierce the soil. The next is mangrove level-growing roots which twist upward and downwards, with the upward twists emerging on the water surface, and the last is mangrove level-growing roots whose downward twists (sub-roots) appear on the water surface.

Any part of a root that appears above the water line channels oxygen to the plant below the water line. Over time as soil begins to build up, these roots produce additional roots that become embedded in the soil.

(Taken from Missouri Botanical Garden)

Contoh Report Text tentang Tempat

Di bawah ini merupakan contoh report text tentang tempat.


Jakarta is a capital city of Indonesia. Jakarta is located on the northwest Java.

The most popular food in Jakarta are Kerak Telor, Ketoprak, and Soto Betawi. There are so many cultural in Jakarta. There are many old buildings there.

But now, Jakarta has influenced by Globalization. Globalization gives many Impact. Negative impact and positive impact. There are many positive impact. But, because the positive impact, there are many negative impact too.

An example of positive impact is, there are a lot of tourist that goes vacation to Jakarta. and then, the tourist will see Indonesian culturals, old buildings, and many gives. But, from that positive impact, the negative impact is rivers in Indonesian especially Jakarta, the rivers are polluted by waste. And if Jakarta is rainy, there are always flood.

Contoh Report Text tentang Bencana Alam


Tsunami, Japanese word meaning “harbour wave,” used as the scientific term for a class of abnormal sea wave that can cause catastrophic damage when it hits a coastline. Tsunamis can be generated by an undersea earthquake, an undersea landslide, the eruption of an undersea volcano, or by the force of an asteroid crashing into the ocean. The most frequent cause of tsunamis is an undersea earthquake.

A tsunami can have wavelengths, or widths (the distance between one wave crest to the next), of 100 to 200 km (60 to 120 mi), and may travel hundreds of kilometres across the deep ocean, reaching speeds of about 725 to 800 km/h (about 450 to 500 mph). A tsunami is not one wave but a series of waves. In the deep ocean, the waves may be only about half a meter (a foot or two) high. People onboard a ship passing over it would not even notice the tsunami. Upon entering shallow coastal waters, however, the waves may suddenly grow rapidly in height. When the waves reach the shore, they may be 15 m (50 ft) high or more. Tsunamis can also take the form of a very fast tide or bore, depending on the shape of the sea floor.

Tsunamis have tremendous force because of the great volume of water affected and the speed at which they travel. Just a cubic yard of water, for example, weighs about one ton. Although the tsunami slows to a speed of about 48 km/h (30 mph) as it approaches a coastline, it has a destructive force equal to millions of tons. Tsunamis are capable of obliterating coastal settlements.

(taken from: Scaffolding Grade IX)

Contoh Report Text tentang Hewan

The Blue Whale

The Blue Whale is the largest whale and the largest living creature on Earth. Blue whales were hunted a lot for oil, baleen, meat, and other products from the 1930s to the 1960s. This hunting almost caused the extinction of the species. They are now protected and may gradually be returning in several areas.

Blue whales are mainly found in very cold waters, like the Arctic and Antarctic waters. They migrate to the tropics in the winter and to the Arctic and Antarctic in summer. Blue whales can reach over 24 m (80 ft) long; mature females are usually a bit longer than mature males. They weigh between 87,500142,500 kg. The skin has a light grey and white spotty pattern. Blue whales feed by opening its mouth into dense groups of small sea creatures like plankton, krill or fish. Blue whales are mammals. They give birth once every two or three years. Mating occurs during the summer season, and they give birth after about 11 months. The calf nurse for seven or eight months and gain weight about 90 kg (200 lb) per day.

(Taken from Scaffolding Grade IX)

Contoh Report Text tentang Teknologi

Streaming Video

Streaming video is a sequence of “moving images” that are sent in compressed form over the Internet and displayed by the viewer as they arrive. Streaming media is streaming video with sound. With streaming video or streaming media, a Web user does not have to wait to download a large file before seeing the video or hearing the sound. Instead, the media is sent in a continuous stream and is played as it arrives. The user needs a player, which is a special program that uncompresses and sends video data to the display and audio data to speakers. A player can be either an integral part of a browser or downloaded from the software maker’s Web site.

Streaming video is usually sent from prerecorded video files, but can be distributed as part of a live broadcast “feed.” In a live broadcast, the video signal is converted into a compressed digital signal and transmitted from a special Web server that is able to do multicast, sending the same file to multiple users at the same time.

(Taken from Scaffolding Grade IX)

Semoga contoh-contoh Report Text diatas bisa bermanfaat. Jangan lupa tulis pada kolom komentar jika ada pertanyaan ya.

Contoh Report Text
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