Pengertian, Fungsi, Generic Structure, Language Feature, Contoh dan Latihan Soal Report Text

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Pengertian

Report text adalah jenis teks yang menggambarkan sesuatu secara umum sebagai hasil dari pengamatan atau penelitian.

Contoh beberapa judul dari Report Text:

  • The Blue Whale
  • Earthquake
  • Sumatran Rhinoceros
  • etc

Fungsi

Report text berfungsi untuk menggambarkan manusia,hewan,benda dengan lebih detail melalui proses penelitian. Fungsi Report Text dapat terwakilkan oleh kata to describe/ to report / to give general information about/to explain …. sesuatu yang digambarkan atau dijelaskan.

Generic Structure

Bagian dari Report Text terdiri dari:

Title

Bagian ini merupakan judul dari teks, berisi tentang apa yang akan menjadi subjek untuk dijelaskan atau digambarkan.

General Classification /Definition

Pada bagian general clasification (klasifikasi umum) berisi pengenalan fenomena/ benda yang akan dibicarakan dengan menyertakan pernyataan umum yang menerangkan subjek laporan, keterangan, dan klasifikasi-nya.

Description /Specific Information

Pada bagian ini biasanya memberikan gambaran secara detail mengenai subjek yang dibahas/ fenomena-fenomena yang terjadi; baik bagian-bagiannya, sifat-sifatnya, kebiasaannya, ataupun tingkah lakunya. Intinya adalah penjabaran dari klasifikasi yang disajikan dengan ilmiah.

Struktur Kebahasaan

    • Menggunakan general noun seperti hunting dogs,
    • Tidak menggunakan particular noun seperti our dog
    • Menggunakan Relating Verb atau Linking Verb: Sea turtles are reptile.
    • Menggunakan Present tense untuk menginformasikan general truth.

 

 

contoh: Most sea turtles live in warm seas.

Contoh

Berikut ini merupakan contoh Report text yang dilengkapi dengan struktur teksnya.

contoh 1

TitleThe Blue Whale
General Classification/ DefinitionThe Blue Whale is largest whale and the largest living creature on Earth. Blue whales were hunted a lot for oil, baleen, meat, and other products from the 1930s to the 1960s. This hunting almost caused the extinction of the species. They are now protected and may gradually be returning in several areas.
Description /

Specific Information

Blue whales are mainly found in very cold waters, like the Arctic and Antarctic waters. They migrate to the tropics in the winter and to the Arctic and Antarctic in summer.

Blue whales can reach over 24 m (80 ft) long; mature females are usually a bit longer than mature males. They weigh between 87,500-142,500 kg. The skin has a light grey and white spotty pattern.

Blue whales feed by opening its mouth into dense groups of small sea creatures like plankton, krill or fish.

Blue whales are mammals. They give birth once every two or three years. Mating occurs during the summer season, and they give birth after about 11 months. The calf nurse for seven or eight months and gain weight about 90 kg (200 lb) per day.

contoh 2

TitleFlood
General Classification/ DefinitionFlood is an overflow of water that soaks or covers land. Floods are the most frequent type of natural disaster worldwide. It can be caused by several things, naturally and form the effect of human behavior. The most common cause is because of the over capacity of the body of water, e.g. river or lake. As a result some of the water flows outside of the body of water. It can also occur in rivers, when the strength of the river is so high that it flows right out of the river channel. A flood from sea may be caused by a heavy storm, a high tide, a tsunami, or a combination the three.
Description /

Specific Information

Soil and vegetation absorbs most of the surface water, floods happen when there are lack of trees and the soil alone cannot absorb all the water. The water then runs off the land in quantities that cannot be carried in stream channels or kept in natural ponds or man-made reservoirs. A flood can also be caused by blocked sewage pipes and waterways, such as the Jakarta flood.

There are several types of flood. Periodic floods occur naturally on many rivers, forming an area known as the flood plain. These river floods usually result from heavy rain, sometimes combined with melting snow, which causes the rivers to overflow their banks. A flood that rises and falls rapidly with little or no advance warning is called a flash flood.

Latihan Soal

Latihan Soal 1

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Pilihlah jawaban yang paling tepat berdasarkan text berikut ini.

The Blue Whale

The Blue Whale is largest whale and the largest living creature on Earth. Blue whales were hunted a lot for oil, baleen, meat, and other products from the 1930s to the 1960s. This hunting almost caused the extinction of the species. They are now protected and may gradually be returning in several areas.

Blue whales are mainly found in very cold waters, like the Arctic and Antarctic waters. They migrate to the tropics in the winter and to the Arctic and Antarctic in summer.

Blue whales can reach over 24 m (80 ft) long; mature females are usually a bit longer than mature males. They weigh between 87,500-142,500 kg. The skin has a light grey and white spotty pattern.

Blue whales feed by opening its mouth into dense groups of small sea creatures like plankton, krill or fish.

Blue whales are mammals. They give birth once every two or three years. Mating occurs during the summer season, and they give birth after about 11 months. The calf nurse for seven or eight months and gain weight about 90 kg (200 lb) per day.

 

1. Why were blue whales hunted?

2. How do they look like?

3. What is a blue whale?

4. What is the text about?

5. Where do they live?

6. When do they reproduce?

7. When do they usually mate?

8. What do the eat?

9. Why are blue whales endangered?

10. How long does the calf nurse?


 

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Pengertian, Fungsi, Generic Structure, Language Feature, Contoh dan Latihan Soal Report Text
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