Pengertian, Fungsi, Tipe, Pola, Contoh Kalimat, dan Latihan Soal Elliptical Construction

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Pengertian

Elliptical Construction merupakan proses penggabungan dua buah kalimat yang berbeda subject tetapi memiliki verb dan complement yang sama menjadi sebuah kalimat.

contoh:

  • They go to school.
  • I go to school.
    → ketika digabung dengan menggunakan elliptical construction, menjadi
  • They go to school, and so do I.

Fungsi

Digunakannya Elliptical Construction dalam kalimat bertujuan agar tidak terjadi pengulangan kata yang dianggap tidak efektif.

Dengan adanya penggunaan Elliptical Construction ini, penyusunan kalimat menjadi lebih efektif dan sarat makna serta lebih singkat dan padat.

Tipe

Ada tiga macam tipe elliptical construction, yaitu

  • elliptical construction positive (kalimat affirmative)
  • elliptical construction negative (kalimat negative)
  • elliptical construction contrary (kalimat affirmative dan negative dengan makna berlawanan)

Berikut masing-masing penjelasan yang disertai pola penyusunan dan contoh kalimatnya.

Positive (too & so)

Elliptical construction positive adalah proses penggabungan dua buah kalimat positif (affirmative) yang memiliki predikat (verb) yang sama dan objek dan pelengkap yang sama pula.

Elliptical construction positive ditandai dengan penggunaan too dan so

Pola

Pola penyusunan elliptical construction positive dengan too dan so

Affirmative sentence dengan be (am, is, are, was, were) (nominal)
Affirmative sentence dengan beandSubject + to be + too
andso + to be + Subject

contoh:

  • Emily is beautiful.
  • Cathy is beautiful.
    → Emily is beautiful, and Cathy is too
    → Emily is beautiful, and so is Cathy.
  • Clark is studying right now.
  • Ethan is studying right now.
    → Clark is studying right now, and Ethan is too.
    → Clark is studying right now, and so is Ethan.
Affirmative sentence dengan auxiliary atau modal
Affirmative sentence dengan auxiliary/modalandSubject + auxiliary/modal + too
andso + auxiliary/modal + Subject

contoh:

  • Emily can speak English.
  • Cathy can speak English.
    → Emily can speak English, and Cathy can too.
    → Emily can speak English, and so can Cathy.
  • Clark has finished his task.
  • Ethan has finished his task.
    → Clark has finished his task, and Ethan has too.
    → Clark has finished his task, and so has Ethan.
Affirmative sentence dengan verb selain be (verbal)
Affirmative sentence dengan verb selain be (verbal)andSubject + do/does/did + too
andso +  do/does/did + Subject

contoh:

  • Emily speaks English.
  • Cathy speaks English.
    → Emily speaks English, and Cathy does too.
    → Emily speaks English, and so does Cathy.

Negative (either & neither)

Elliptical construction negative adalah proses penggabungan dua buah kalimat negatif (negative) yang memiliki predikat (verb) yang sama dan objek dan pelengkap yang sama pula.

Elliptical construction negative ditandai dengan penggunaan either dan neither

Pola

Pola penyusunan elliptical construction negative dengan either dan neither

Negative sentence dengan be (am, is, are, was, were) (nominal)
Negative sentence dengan beandSubject + to be + not + either
andneither + to be + Subject

contoh:

  • Emily is not a teacher.
  • Cathy is not a teacher.
    → Emily is not a teacher, and Cathy is not either.
    → Emily is not a teacher, and neither is Cathy.
Negative sentence dengan auxiliary/modal
Negative sentence dengan auxiliary/modalandSubject + auxiliary/modal + not + either
andneither + to be + Subject

contoh:

  • Emily can’t speak English.
  • Cathy can’t speak English.
    → Emily can’t speak English, and Cathy can’t either.
    → Emily can’t speak English, and neither can Cathy.
Negative sentence dengan verb selain be (verbal)
Negative sentence dengan verb selain beandSubject + do/does/did + not + either
andneither + do/does/did + Subject

contoh:

  • Emily doesn’t speak English.
  • Cathy doesn’t speak English.
    → Emily doesn’t speak English, and Cathy doesn’t either.
    → Emily doesn’t speak English, and neither does Cathy.

Contrary (but)

Elliptical construction contrary adalah proses penggabungan dua buah kalimat yang tidak setara, jika satu kalimat positif (affirmative) maka kalimat yang lain adalah kalimat negatif (negative)

Elliptical construction contrary ditandai dengan penggunaan but

Pola

Pola penyusunan elliptical construction contrary dengan but

Negative sentencebutPositive sentence:

Subject + be/auxiliary/modal/(do/does/did)

Positive sentencebutNegative sentence:

Subject + be/auxiliary/modal/(do/does/did) + not

contoh:

  • I am not good in Math.
  • She is good in Math.
    I am not good in Math, but she is.
  • I wrote a letter yesterday.
  • He didn’t write a letter yesterday.
    I wrote a letter yesterday, but he didn’t.

Latihan Soal

Exercise 1

Login dulu agar kamu bisa
- Menyimpan hasil test
- Mengumpulkan poin yec
- Notifikasi exercise baru

Manakah yang termasuk Elliptical construction?

1. We had a short walk after lunch.

2. Ethan was not happy about that, and neither was I.

3. He has not had a breakfast, but I have.

4. We visited a few galleries while we were in France.

5. My grandfather is getting old and can't hear very well.

6. Claire was not studying last night, and neither was Cathy.

7. She fell into a lovely deep sleep.

8. Yeremy is smart, and his brother is too.

9. He bought some flowers  for his mother.

10. They are going to the beach, and so are we.


 

Klik halaman selanjutnya untuk mengerjakan exercise berikutnya.

Pengertian, Fungsi, Tipe, Pola, Contoh Kalimat, dan Latihan Soal Elliptical Construction
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