Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat dan Latihan Soal Tipe-Tipe Verbs

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Main Verbs

Kata kerja utama (Main verbs) memiliki makna yang berkaitan dengan action (tindakan (bisa berubah-ubah), event (peristiwa/kejadian), dan state/stative (keadaan/situasi/kondisi(tetap)).

Contoh:

  • I went home straight after the show.
    went merupakan kata kerja utama pada kalimat di atas.

Linking Verbs

Beberapa kata kerja utama (main verbs) adalah linking verb. Linking verb adalah kata kerja yang tidak diikuti oleh objects, melainkan diikuti oleh frasa yang memberi tambahan informasi mengenai subject seperti noun phrase, adjective phrase, adverbial phrase, dan prepositional phrase.

contoh linking verbs

  • appeared
  • be
  • become
  • feel
  • get
  • look
  • remain
  • seem
  • smell
  • sound
  • taste

contoh kalimat:

  • He is a cousin of mine.
  • This coat feels good.
  • He remains silent.

Auxiliary Verbs

Dalam bahasa inggris ada tiga auxiliary verb, yaitu:

  • Auxiliary be
  • Auxiliary do
  • Auxiliary have

Auxiliary terletak sebelum kata kerja utama (main verbs). Berikut masing-masing penjelasan dari auxiliary be, do, dan have.

Auxiliary Be

Auxiliary be digunakan untuk mengindikasikan continuous tense dan passive voice.

contoh:

  • I’m waiting for Sally to come home. (continuous)
  • Her car was stolen from outside her house. (passive)

Auxiliary Do

Auxiliary do digunakan pada struktur kalimat negatif, interogatif, dan penekanan.

contoh:

  • Does she live locally? (interrogative)
  • They didn’t know which house it was. (negative)
  • I do like your new laptop! (emphatic, with spoken stress on do)

Auxiliary Have

Auxiliary have digunakan untuk mengindikasikan perfect tense

contoh:

  • I have lost my memory stick. Have you seen it anywhere? (present perfect)
  • She had seen my car outside the shop. (past perfect)

Be, Do, Have as Main Verbs

Be, do, dan have digunakan sebagai main verbs.

contoh:

  • She is a professional photographer.
  • I need to do some work this evening.
  • The children have lunch at twelve o’clock.

Modal Verbs

Modal utama adalah

  • can
  • may
  • will
  • shall
  • must
  • could
  • might
  • would
  • should

Makna dari modal berhubungan  dengan tingkat kepastian dan kebutuhan pada konteks suatu kalimat.

contoh:

  • We will be there around 7.30. (speaker is quite certain)
  • A new window could cost around £500. (speaker is less certain)

State & Action Verbs

Kata kerja yang merujuk action, event, atau state

Action

Action verb / Dynamic verb merupakan kata kerja yang digunakan menjelaskan aksi dan dapat digunakan dalam tenses yang berubah-ubah.

Action verb dapat digunakan dalam bentuk simple dan continuous

contoh:

  • I cleaned the room as quickly as possible.
  • She’s watching television at the moment.

Event

Kita dapat menggunakan bentuk simple atau continuous pada event verb. Event verbs merupakan kata kerja yang merujuk kepada peristiwa atau kejadian.

contoh:

  • Four people died in the crash.
  • It’s raining again.

State

State verb / Stative verb merupakan kata kerja yang menyatakan keadaan/situasi/kondisi tetap (statis) atau yang berlangsung dalam jangka waktu yang cukup lama, oleh karenanya tidak dapat menggunakan continuous tense.

contoh:

  • I don’t know the name of the street.
  • Who owns this house?

Latihan Soal

Exercise 1

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- Menyimpan hasil test
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- Notifikasi exercise baru

Tentukan tipe verb dari kata kerja yang digarisbawahi pada kalimat-kalimat berikut ini.

1. They are listening to music at the moment.

2. I haven't visited London before.

3. She doesn’t know what to do.

4. This cake was made by my mother.

5. Our cat just had six kittens.

6. This machine is easy to use.

7. They still hadn't had any news when I spoke to them yesterday.

8. Why did you do that?

9. Do you always get up early in the morning?

10. He was released from prison.


 

Klik halaman selanjutnya untuk mengerjakan exercise berikutnya.

Penjelasan, Contoh Kalimat dan Latihan Soal Tipe-Tipe Verbs
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