Rumus, Contoh, dan Latihan Soal Simple Past Tense

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Ingin tahu tentang :

  • contoh simple past tense
  • contoh kalimat simple past tense positif negatif dan tanya
  • kamus past tense
  • contoh kalimat simple past tense

Definisi

Simple Past Tense adalah bentuk kalimat yang mengindikasikan bahwa sebuah kegiatan dimulai dan berakhir pada masa lampau pada waktu tertentu.

Fungsi

Simple Past Tense digunakan untuk menceritakan kejadian pada masa lalu yang terjadi pada waktu tertentu.

Keterangan Waktu

Keterangan waktu yang biasanya digunakan adalah ago, yesterday, last week, last month, last year, two days ago.

Pada simple past tense, keterangan waktu ini dituliskan secara spesifik.

Rumus

Ada dua macam bentuk kalimat, yaitu kalimat verbal (menggunakan kata kerja) dan kalimat nominal (bukan menggunakan kata kerja).  Keduanya memiliki rumus berbeda.

Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal

Subject + verb 2 + Complement

Subject: I, you, we, they, she, he, it
Verb 2 untuk semua subject (I, you, they, we, he, she, it)

[caption id="attachment_4002" align="aligncenter" width="759"]Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal[/caption]

Dalam Simple Past Tense kata kerja yang digunakan adalah kata kerja bentuk kedua. Untuk kalimat verbal, terdapat dua jenis kata kerja atau verb, yakni:

  • regular verb, dan
  • irregular verb

Regular Verb

Kata kerja kedua dibentuk dari verb 1 + ed / d

[caption id="attachment_4003" align="aligncenter" width="674"]Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal[/caption]

Contoh:

  • I played football yesterday.

Irregular Verb

Kata kerja kedua pada irregular verb berbeda bentuknya dengan kata kerja pertamanya. Oleh karenanya, untuk menguasai irregular verb, kamu harus menghafalkan kata kerja tersebut.

Lebih lengkap tentang daftar irregular verb, klik link di bawah ini.

(dikasih link daftar irregular verb)

[caption id="attachment_4005" align="aligncenter" width="470"]Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal[/caption]

Contoh:

I ate a cake yesterday.

Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Nominal

Subject + was / were + Complement

Subject : I, you, they, we, he she, it
was → untuk subjek I, she, he, it
were → untuk subjek you, they, we, I*
* = were berpasangan dengan I hanya ketika dalam conditional sentence yang menyatakan ketidakmungkinan.

[caption id="attachment_4006" align="aligncenter" width="759"]Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Nominal Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Nominal[/caption]

Contoh:

  • I was late yesterday.
  • Those shoes were expensive.

Lebih Lanjut

Rumus dan contoh adalah simple past tense bentuk positif, selain itu simple past tense bisa berbentuk:

  • negatif (menggunakan not)
  • interogatif (kalimat tanya)

Rumus dan contoh kalimatnya dapat kamu lihat di bawah ini.

Negatif : Verbal

Ciri utama adalah menggunakan did diikuti dengan not

Subject + did + not + Verb 1 + complement

[caption id="attachment_4007" align="aligncenter" width="753"]Negatif : Verbal Negatif : Verbal[/caption]

Subject: I, you, we, they, she, he, it
did :  untuk semua subject (I, you, they, we, she, he, it)

Contoh:

  • I didn’t go to school yesterday.
  • She didn’t go to school yesterday.

Negatif : Nominal

Ciri utama adalah menggunakan was / were diikuti dengan not

Subject + was / were + not + Complement

Subject : I, you, they, we, he she, it
was → untuk subjek I, she, he, it
were → untuk subjek you, they, we, I*
* = were berpasangan dengan I hanya ketika dalam conditional sentence yang menyatakan ketidakmungkinan.

[caption id="attachment_4008" align="aligncenter" width="761"]Negatif : Nominal Negatif : Nominal[/caption]

Contoh:

  • I wasn’t hungry yesterday.
  • They weren’t hungry yesterday.

Interogatif : Verbal

Yes/No Question

Untuk pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak, cukup letakkan did di awal kalimat.

Did + subject + Verb 1 + complement

Subject: I, you, we, they, she, he, it
did :  untuk semua subject (I, you, they, we, she, he, it)

[caption id="attachment_4009" align="aligncenter" width="761"]Interogatif : Verbal Interogatif : Verbal[/caption]

Contoh:

  • Did you go to school yesterday?
  • Did she go to school yesterday?

W/H Question

Pertanyaan menggunakan What, Who, Where, When, Why, How, tambahkan did di belakangnya.

W/H   + did   + subject   + Verb 1 +  complement

W/H : What, Who, Where, When, Why, How
Subject : I, you, they, we, she he, it
did :  untuk semua subject (I, you, they, we, she, he, it)

[caption id="attachment_4010" align="aligncenter" width="759"]Interogatif : Verbal Interogatif : Verbal[/caption]

Contoh:

  • What did you do?
  • What did she do?

Interogatif : Nominal

Yes/No Question

Untuk pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak, cukup letakkan was / were di awal kalimat.

Was / Were + subject + complement

Subject : I, you, they, we, he she, it
was → untuk subjek I, she, he, it
were → untuk subjek you, they, we, I*
* = were berpasangan dengan I hanya ketika dalam conditional sentence yang menyatakan ketidakmungkinan.

[caption id="attachment_4011" align="aligncenter" width="755"]Interogatif : Nominal Interogatif : Nominal[/caption]

Contoh:

  • Was it nice?
  • Were they pretty?

Interogatif W/H Question

Pertanyaan menggunakan What, Who, Where, When, Why, How, tambahkan was / were di belakangnya.

W/H   + was / were   + subject

Subject : I, you, they, we, he she, it
was → untuk subjek I, she, he, it
were → untuk subjek you, they, we, I*
* = were berpasangan dengan I hanya ketika dalam conditional sentence yang menyatakan ketidakmungkinan.

[caption id="attachment_4012" align="aligncenter" width="759"]Interogatif : Nominal Interogatif : Nominal[/caption]

Contoh:

  • Where was he yesterday?
  • What were they?

Contoh Kalimat

Berikut adalah contoh kalimat penggunaan Simple Past Tense.

Verbal

Ingat rumus, kalimat verbal menggunakan kata kerja kedua baik regular maupun irregular. Perhatikan penggunaan kata kerja bentuk kedua dan keterangan waktunya dalam kalimat di bawah ini.

  • They played volleyball yesterday.
  • Cathy stayed at my house last week.
  • Emily took a picture last night.
  • We went to market two days ago.
  • I ate an apple yesterday.

Nominal

Ingat rumus, kalimat nominal tidak menggunakan kata kerja, tetapi menggunakan to be: was, were. Perhatikan penggunaan to be di bawah ini.

  • I was angry.
  • She was hungry.
  • He was late.
  • They were tired.
  • We were hungry.

Positif

Kalimatnya tidak mengandung kata not

  • They came to my house yesterday.
  • Emily drew a picture last night.
  • My brother and I bought some books yesterday.
  • I was tired yesterday.
  • We were hungry last night.

Negatif

Kalimatnya mengandung kata not, dan perhatikan jika not bisa disingkat.

  • I didn’t go to school yesterday.
  • She didn’t walk to market two days ago.
  • They didn’t play football yesterday.
  • He wasn’t hungry last night.
  • We weren’t tired yesterday.

Interogatif

Penggunaan dalam kalimat tanya. Perhatikan penggunaan did dan to be: was/were

  • Did you come to my house last night?
  • Did you walk to market yesterday?
  • What did she buy last week?
  • Where did you go last month?
  • Were you tired yesterday?
  • Was your brother hungry last night?
  • Where was your book?
  • Who were they?

Demikian adalah artikel mengenai definisi, kegunaan, rumus, contoh dan latihan soal dari Simple Past Tense.

Exercise! Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal Positif

Login dulu agar kamu bisa
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Pilihlah jawaban yang paling tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat-kalimat rumpang di bawah ini agar menjadi kalimat verbal positif simple past tense yang tepat.

1. She ______ to market two days ago.

2. We ______ seafood yesterday.

3. They _____ badminton last week.

4. He ______ the room yesterday.

5. Emily and Ethan ______ new clothes yesterday.

6. Emily and Ethan ______ new clothes yesterday.

7. I ______ to school yesterday.

8. Emily and Ethan ______ new clothes yesterday.

9. My brother ______ a letter yesterday.

10. Emily and Ethan ______ new clothes yesterday.

11. My mother ______ fried rice yesterday.

12. I ______ English last week.

13. They ______ a cake last month.


 

Ingin menguji pemahaman lebih lanjut? Masih ada 8 latihan soal tentang Simple Present Tense yang bisa kamu kerjakan. Silakan lanjut ke halaman kedua

Rumus, Contoh, dan Latihan Soal Simple Past Tense
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