Rumus, Contoh, dan Latihan Soal Simple Past Tense

Ingin tahu tentang :

  • contoh simple past tense
  • contoh kalimat simple past tense positif negatif dan tanya
  • kamus past tense
  • contoh kalimat simple past tense

Definisi

Simple Past Tense adalah bentuk kalimat yang mengindikasikan bahwa sebuah kegiatan dimulai dan berakhir pada masa lampau pada waktu tertentu.

Fungsi

Simple Past Tense digunakan untuk menceritakan kejadian pada masa lalu yang terjadi pada waktu tertentu.

Keterangan Waktu

Keterangan waktu yang biasanya digunakan adalah ago, yesterday, last week, last month, last year, two days ago.

Pada simple past tense, keterangan waktu ini dituliskan secara spesifik.

Berikut adalah penjelasan dalam bentuk video

 

Rumus

Ada dua macam bentuk kalimat, yaitu kalimat verbal (menggunakan kata kerja) dan kalimat nominal (bukan menggunakan kata kerja).  Keduanya memiliki rumus berbeda.

Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal

Subject + verb 2 + Complement

Subject: I, you, we, they, she, he, it
Verb 2 untuk semua subject (I, you, they, we, he, she, it)

Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal
Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal

Dalam Simple Past Tense kata kerja yang digunakan adalah kata kerja bentuk kedua. Untuk kalimat verbal, terdapat dua jenis kata kerja atau verb, yakni:

  • regular verb, dan
  • irregular verb

Regular Verb

Kata kerja kedua dibentuk dari verb 1 + ed / d

Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal
Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal

Contoh:

  • I played football yesterday.

Irregular Verb

Kata kerja kedua pada irregular verb berbeda bentuknya dengan kata kerja pertamanya. Oleh karenanya, untuk menguasai irregular verb, kamu harus menghafalkan kata kerja tersebut.

Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal
Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Verbal

Contoh:

I ate a cake yesterday.

Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Nominal

Subject + was / were + Complement

Subject : I, you, they, we, he she, it
was → untuk subjek I, she, he, it
were → untuk subjek you, they, we, I*
* = were berpasangan dengan I hanya ketika dalam conditional sentence yang menyatakan ketidakmungkinan.

Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Nominal
Rumus Simple Past Tense Kalimat Nominal

Contoh:

  • I was late yesterday.
  • Those shoes were expensive.

Lebih Lanjut

Rumus dan contoh adalah simple past tense bentuk positif, selain itu simple past tense bisa berbentuk:

  • negatif (menggunakan not)
  • interogatif (kalimat tanya)

Rumus dan contoh kalimatnya dapat kamu lihat di bawah ini.

Negatif : Verbal

Ciri utama adalah menggunakan did diikuti dengan not

Subject + did + not + Verb 1 + complement

Negatif : Verbal
Negatif : Verbal

Subject: I, you, we, they, she, he, it
did :  untuk semua subject (I, you, they, we, she, he, it)

Contoh:

  • I didn’t go to school yesterday.
  • She didn’t go to school yesterday.

Negatif : Nominal

Ciri utama adalah menggunakan was / were diikuti dengan not

Subject + was / were + not + Complement

Subject : I, you, they, we, he she, it
was → untuk subjek I, she, he, it
were → untuk subjek you, they, we, I*
* = were berpasangan dengan I hanya ketika dalam conditional sentence yang menyatakan ketidakmungkinan.

Negatif : Nominal
Negatif : Nominal

Contoh:

  • I wasn’t hungry yesterday.
  • They weren’t hungry yesterday.

Interogatif : Verbal

Yes/No Question

Untuk pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak, cukup letakkan did di awal kalimat.

Did + subject + Verb 1 + complement

Subject: I, you, we, they, she, he, it
did :  untuk semua subject (I, you, they, we, she, he, it)

Interogatif : Verbal
Interogatif : Verbal

Contoh:

  • Did you go to school yesterday?
  • Did she go to school yesterday?

W/H Question

Pertanyaan menggunakan What, Who, Where, When, Why, How, tambahkan did di belakangnya.

W/H   + did   + subject   + Verb 1 +  complement

W/H : What, Who, Where, When, Why, How
Subject : I, you, they, we, she he, it
did :  untuk semua subject (I, you, they, we, she, he, it)

Interogatif : Verbal
Interogatif : Verbal

Contoh:

  • What did you do?
  • What did she do?

Interogatif : Nominal

Yes/No Question

Untuk pertanyaan dengan jawaban ya/tidak, cukup letakkan was / were di awal kalimat.

Was / Were + subject + complement

Subject : I, you, they, we, he she, it
was → untuk subjek I, she, he, it
were → untuk subjek you, they, we, I*
* = were berpasangan dengan I hanya ketika dalam conditional sentence yang menyatakan ketidakmungkinan.

Interogatif : Nominal
Interogatif : Nominal

Contoh:

  • Was it nice?
  • Were they pretty?

Interogatif W/H Question

Pertanyaan menggunakan What, Who, Where, When, Why, How, tambahkan was / were di belakangnya.

W/H   + was / were   + subject

Subject : I, you, they, we, he she, it
was → untuk subjek I, she, he, it
were → untuk subjek you, they, we, I*
* = were berpasangan dengan I hanya ketika dalam conditional sentence yang menyatakan ketidakmungkinan.

Interogatif : Nominal
Interogatif : Nominal

Contoh:

  • Where was he yesterday?
  • What were they?

Contoh Kalimat

Berikut adalah contoh kalimat penggunaan Simple Past Tense.

Verbal

Ingat rumus, kalimat verbal menggunakan kata kerja kedua baik regular maupun irregular. Perhatikan penggunaan kata kerja bentuk kedua dan keterangan waktunya dalam kalimat di bawah ini.

  • They played volleyball yesterday.
  • Cathy stayed at my house last week.
  • Emily took a picture last night.
  • We went to market two days ago.
  • I ate an apple yesterday.

Nominal

Ingat rumus, kalimat nominal tidak menggunakan kata kerja, tetapi menggunakan to be: was, were. Perhatikan penggunaan to be di bawah ini.

  • I was angry.
  • She was hungry.
  • He was late.
  • They were tired.
  • We were hungry.

Positif

Kalimatnya tidak mengandung kata not

  • They came to my house yesterday.
  • Emily drew a picture last night.
  • My brother and I bought some books yesterday.
  • I was tired yesterday.
  • We were hungry last night.

Negatif

Kalimatnya mengandung kata not, dan perhatikan jika not bisa disingkat.

  • I didn’t go to school yesterday.
  • She didn’t walk to market two days ago.
  • They didn’t play football yesterday.
  • He wasn’t hungry last night.
  • We weren’t tired yesterday.

Interogatif

Penggunaan dalam kalimat tanya. Perhatikan penggunaan did dan to be: was/were

  • Did you come to my house last night?
  • Did you walk to market yesterday?
  • What did she buy last week?
  • Where did you go last month?
  • Were you tired yesterday?
  • Was your brother hungry last night?
  • Where was your book?
  • Who were they?

Demikian adalah artikel mengenai definisi, kegunaan, rumus, contoh dan latihan soal dari Simple Past Tense.

Latihan

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Pilihlah jawaban yang paling tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat-kalimat rumpang di bawah ini agar menjadi kalimat verbal positif simple past tense yang tepat.

1. I ______ to school yesterday.

2. Emily and Ethan ______ new clothes yesterday.

3. I ______ English last week.

4. We ______ seafood yesterday.

5. They _____ badminton last week.

6. He ______ the room yesterday.

7. Emily and Ethan ______ new clothes yesterday.

8. She ______ to market two days ago.

9. Emily and Ethan ______ new clothes yesterday.

10. They ______ a cake last month.

11. My mother ______ fried rice yesterday.

12. Emily and Ethan ______ new clothes yesterday.

13. My brother ______ a letter yesterday.


 

Ingin menguji pemahaman lebih lanjut? Masih ada 8 latihan soal tentang Simple Present Tense yang bisa kamu kerjakan. Silakan lanjut ke halaman kedua

Rumus, Contoh, dan Latihan Soal Simple Past Tense
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