Contoh News Item Text dalam Bahasa Inggris

Di artikel kali ini, kita akan membahas mengenai salah satu teks dalam bahasa Inggris. Tentu saja, jika kita belajar bahasa Inggris, kita akan berkenalan dengan berbagai macam teks. Nah, teks yang akan kita bahas kali ini adalah news item text. 

Pernahkah kalian menemui news item text? Teks ini sangat umum dibacakan di acara berita di televisi atau radio. Nah, meskipun sudah umum, sudahkah kalian paham dengan bagian-bagian serta contohnya dalam bahasa Inggris?

Jika belum, maka kalian berada di artikel yang tepat. Tanpa berlama-lama, mari kita simak penjelasannya di bawah ini!

Definisi News Item Text dalam Bahasa Inggris

News item text adalah sebuah teks yang menginformasikan pembaca mengenai kejadian atau peristiwa. Kejadian atau peristiwa ini dianggap layak diberitakan (newsworthy) atau penting (important). Layak diberitakan atau newsworthy berarti ada peristiwa penting yang harus diketahui oleh banyak orang, sehingga peristiwa tersebut perlu diberitakan.

Struktur Umum/Generic Structure News Item Text

Seperti teks-teks lainnya dalam bahasa Inggris, news item text juga memiliki struktur atau bagian-bagian. News item text terdiri atas:

  1. Main events/ Newsworthy events:

Bagian yang pertama adalah main events/newsworthy events. Bagian ini memuat ringkasan kejadian atau peristiwa penting yang layak diketahui banyak orang. Bagian ini yang biasanya akan kita dengarkan pertama kali ketika menyaksikan atau mendengar berita. 

Nah, dalam membuat paragraf main events/ newsworthy events ini, aktualitas atau kadar up-to-date-nya suatu kejadian perlu dipertimbangkan. Informasi terbaru dinilai lebih tinggi atau lebih baik dibandingkan informasi lama.

Selain itu, hal lain yang perlu dipertimbangkan adalah efek atau pengaruh dari kejadian yang diangkat kepada pembaca atau penonton. Kejadian yang penting dan berpengaruh ke orang banyak biasanya akan lebih mendapat perhatian. 

Contohnya, informasi pemblokiran beberapa aplikasi media sosial akan lebih berpengaruh ke masyarakat dibandingkan informasi mengenai perceraian pasangan selebriti.

  1. Elaboration/Background events

Bagian kedua dari news item text adalah elaboration/background events. Setelah di paragraf pertama pembaca disuguhkan dengan ringkasan atau inti dari kejadian, detail mengenai kejadian seperti apa yang terjadi (what), siapa yang terlibat (who), di mana lokasi kejadian (where), kapan kejadian tersebut terjadi (when), motif kejadian tersebut (why), serta bagaimana kejadian tersebut terjadi (how) akan diulas di bagian ini. 

Dengan kata lain, bagian elaboration/background events memuat rincian latar belakang suatu peristiwa. Karena memuat jawaban dari pertanyaan 5W1H, maka penulisan bagian ini perlu runtut dan detail agar pembaca dapat memahami kejadian atau peristiwa yang terjadi.

  1. Resource of information (Source)

Bagian ketiga dalam news item text adalah resource of information (source). Seperti namanya, bagian terakhir ini memuat sumber informasi dari kejadian tersebut. Sumber ini bisa berupa pendapat dari ahli atau saksi mata. Selain itu, komentar dari orang yang terlibat (partisipan) juga dapat dimasukkan sebagai sumber. 

Tujuan News Item Text

Setelah kita mempelajari generic structure atau bagian-bagian dari news item text, kini kita akan mempelajari tujuan atau purpose dari news item text.

Tujuan yang pertama dari news item text tentu saja adalah untuk menginformasikan pembaca mengenai peristiwa yang layak diberitakan atau penting. Nah, dengan mengetahui berita atau kejadian penting ini, masyarakat dapat menentukan respon dari kejadian tersebut. 

Ciri Kebahasaan News Item Text

Agar lebih mudah mengenai news item text dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, terdapat beberapa ciri-ciri news item text yang bisa kamu ingat. Ciri-cirinya adalah:

  1. Teks berfokus pada kejadian.
  2. Bahasa yang digunakan singkat, padat, dan mudah dipahami. 
  3. Lokasi kejadian biasanya disebutkan di awal berita, seperti Yogyakarta – ….
  4. Menggunakan Simple Past Tense dalam menjelaskan kejadian yang terjadi. Namun, Simple Present Tense juga dapat digunakan jika kejadiannya masih baru dan terkesan mendesak, serta untuk menyatakan fakta.
  5. Menggunakan saying verbs, atau kata kerja yang berkaitan dengan aktivitas berbicara, seperti said, informed, told, reported. 
  6. Menggunakan action verb, atau verb (kata kerja) yang menyatakan kata kerja atau tindakan yang terlihat orang lain, seperti “The actor was taken to hospital.”
  7. Menggunakan kata keterangan (adverb) waktu (time), tempat (place), dan cara (manner).

Contoh News Item Text dalam Bahasa Inggris

Setelah kita mempelajari definisi, struktur umum, tujuan, serta ciri kebahasaan dari news item text, saatnya kita melihat contoh teksnya.

Berikut ini adalah contoh news item text dalam bahasa Inggris:

  1. Contoh 1
Title: 

Team of experts finds pollution indicators of Musi River aggravating

Main events/newsworthy events:

Palembang, S Sumatra (ANTARA) – A team of experts from the Nusantara River Expedition (ESN), South Sumatra Telapak Association, and Spora Institute of Palembang has found that pollution indicators of Musi River are becoming worse.

Elaboration and Resource of Information:

“This indication is supported by the fact that it is increasingly difficult to find fish in the Musi River, such as baung pisang (Mystus negricep), kapiat (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii), patin (Pangasius sp.), tapah (wallago catfish), and belida fish (Chitala lopis),” an ESN researcher, Prigi Arisandi, said after inspecting the Musi River in Palembang, South Sumatra, on Sunday.

According to Arisandi, the many activities of land conversion at the river’s upstream part, unlicensed mining activities, oil palm plantations, industrial pollution, plastic waste and wastewater from community activities have caused pollution in the Musi River.

He emphasized, the pollution of Musi River needs to be a concern of all parties and levels of society so it can remain a place to live and breed for types of fish and other river biotas.

South Sumatra Telapak Association Coordinator Hariansyah Usman added that the purpose of the Musi River expedition was to see the level of pollutants and microplastics.

The water sampling of the Musi River, Usman said, showed high levels of manganese and copper that reached 0.2 PPM (parts per million) and 0.06 PPM respectively, even though the standard should not exceed 0.03 PPM.

He added, “chlorine and phosphate levels are quite high, for chlorine 0.16 mg/liter, (although) it should not be more than 0.03 mg/liter, and phosphate reaching 0.59 mg/liter. High levels of chlorine and phosphate greatly affect the respiratory system of fish and the formation of fish eggs.”

Furthermore, the ESN team also found that the surface of the Musi River was filled with single-use plastic waste.

 

  1. Contoh 2
Title:

Bekasi residents evacuated as river overflows its banks

Main events/newsworthy events:

Jakarta (ANTARA) – Several residents living along Bekasi’s riverbanks, Bekasi City, West Java Province, were evacuated by the local authorities due to flooding caused by the river overflowing on early Saturday morning.

Elaboration and Resource of Information:

“We have coordinated with the Ciliwung Cisadane River Basin Center (BBWSCC). We are currently evacuating the residents,” Bekasi City Disaster Mitigation Office (BPBD) Chief Enung Nucholis stated on Saturday.

At the Jaka Kencana housing complex located in South Bekasi Sub-district, an old embankment collapsed, compelling local residents to flee to safer places, such as to their relatives’ homes or the nearest mosques.

Incessant rains since Friday caused the water levels of Bekasi River to rise to 670 centimeters, as compared to a maximum capacity of 350 centimeters, according to a report from the Cileungsi-Cikeas River Care Community (KP2C).

The water volume of Bekasi River rose to such an extent that the river overflowed after the confluence of Cileungsi and Cikeas rivers in Bogor District, West Java.

The Bekasi City BPBD dispatched 20 officers to the field to identify flood points and evacuate affected residents living along the riverbanks.

“We have prepared three to four boats to evacuate residents,” he noted while adding that the authorities also attempted to temporarily replace the broken embankment by using sandbags, wire, and stones.

In the Bekasi City area, other areas inundated comprised Pondok Gede Permai, Jatirasa Villa, Kemang Ifi Graha, AL (naval) housing Complex, Jatiasih Indah (PPA), Pondok Mitra Lestari, the Ministry of Manpower housing complex, Pekayon Jaya, and Kartini Park.

The areas bearing the maximum brunt of the flooding included Gangg Mawar, Mayor Oking, Gang Lengkak, and Kampung Lebak, with floodwaters reaching a height of up to one meter.

“The weather is erratic, so the residents need to be wary of flooding, as the weather cycle is unpredictable,” he cautioned.

In Bogor, Nusa Indah Villas 1 and 2 as well as the Bumi Mutiara housing complexes were also inundated.

Indonesia has entered the dry season, though rains continue to lash several regions. 

 

  1. Contoh 3

 

Title:

Police nab two drug mules suspected of belonging to Malaysia network

Maint events/newsworthy events:

Samarinda, E Kalimantan (ANTARA) – The Samarinda city police have arrested two men who might belong to a Malaysia-Indonesia drug ring, and seized some 514 grams of crystal methamphetamine from them, a police officer said.

Elaboration and Resource of Information:

The suspected drug couriers were identified  by their initials as SF alias Uli (29) and MS alias Paci (67), Samarinda City Police Chief Adjunct Sen.Coms.Ary Fadli said in a press statement that ANTARA quoted here Sunday.

SF and MS were nabbed when their car passed through a spot check of people and vehicles local cops conducted on the road in front of the Sungai Pinang police precinct on July 10, 2022 at 08:30 p.m., he said.

The Sungai Pinang police officers could identify the suspects thanks to information on them, given earlier by the Samarinda city police, he said.

SF and MS transported the drug package from Nunukan in North Kalimantan Province to be then traded in Samarinda, the capital of East Kalimantan Province, he said.

The suspects told the police investigators that they got the crystal meth package from Paci’s son who has been declared a fugitive, Fadli said.

The police investigators suspected that the package was delivered from Malaysia, and SF and MS belong to an international drug syndicate, he added.

Domestic and transnational drug dealers view Indonesia as a potential market owing to its huge population and millions of drug users. The drug trade in the nation is valued at nearly Rp66 trillion.

People from all strata of society are falling prey to drugs in the country regardless of their socioeconomic and professional backgrounds.

Over the past few decades, the Indonesian government has taken harsh punitive action against drug barons found smuggling and trading drugs in the country.

The National Narcotics Agency (BNN) has sought capital punishment for those involved in drug trade in the country.

Indonesian President Joko Widodo has also issued shoot-at-sight orders against drug kingpins.

However, this has failed to deter drug traffickers, who continue to treat Indonesia as a 

main market, prompting Indonesian law enforcers to step up vigilance against them.

  1. Contoh 4

 

Title:

Boat carrying eight people losses contact in Papua’s waters: police

Main events/newsworthy events:

Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA) – A motor vessel carrying eight people, including member of the Papuan Legislative Council (DPRP) Yonas Nussy, was reported to have lost contact on Saturday afternoon, a police officer said.

Elaboration and Resource of Information:

The twin engine boat, owned by the DPRP, was sailing from Jayapura to Serui in Yapen Islands District, Papua Province, on Saturday at 01:00 a.m. local time, Papua Police Spokesperson Sen.Coms.Ahmad Musthofa said.

One of the boat’s passengers called one of the council’s officials at midday informing him that they were still around the Kurudu Island or Tanjung Andei waters, he told journalists here Sunday.

The passenger, however, could not be called back at around 3 p.m. local time on Saturday. As of Sunday afternoon, the DPRP’s boat had yet to reach Serui, the capital of Yapen Islands District, he said.

Musthofa said he received the report of the ill-fated boat that might have gone missing in the waters of Yapen islands District from the council’s official, Marvin Rumkorem, on early Sunday morning.

To search for the missing boat, the Serui police officers had coordinated with their counterparts from the town’s Search and Rescue Agency, he said.

Seven other people aboard the vessel are identified as Jefri Robaha, Alex Donggori, Akwila Waromi, Derek Maniani, Andre Fonataba, Alfred Krisipu, and Kareni, he added.

 

  1. Contoh 5
Title:

Eight civilians killed by Papuan terrorists flown to hometowns

Main events/newsworthy events:

Jayapura, Papua (ANTARA) – A Lion Air plane on Sunday transported the coffins of eight civilians, who were shot dead by armed Papuan separatist terrorists in Nduga District on Saturday, to their respective hometowns from Timika in Mimika District, Papua Province.

Elaboration: 

Three caskets were sent to Makassar, South Sulawesi, and three others to Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, while two more coffins were flown to Medan, North Sumatra, and Palu, Central Sulawesi, respectively.

Elaboration and Resource of Information:

According to Mimika Police Chief Adjunct Sen.Coms I Gede Putra, nine civilians were shot dead by the Egianus Kogoya-led terrorists in Nogolaid Village, Kenyam Sub-district, Nduga District, Papua, on Saturday.

Eight of the nine dead victims had been sent to their families who live outside Papua. They were buried in their respective hometowns while the other one had been buried in Timika, he said.

The dead victims are identified as Priest Elias Serbaye (54), Yulius Watu (23), Habertus Goti (41), Daeng Maramli (41), Taufan Amir (42), Johan (26), Alex (45), Yuda Hurusinga (27), and Sirajudin (27).

During the fatal shooting incident, two civilians, identified as Sudirman and Hasdin, survived but sustained gunshot wounds. They are currently in stable condition, and have received medical treatment, he added.

Over the past few years, armed Papuan groups have often employed hit-and-run tactics against Indonesian security personnel and mounted acts of terror against civilians in the districts of Intan Jaya, Nduga, and Puncak to instil fear among the people.

The targets of such acts of terror have included construction workers, motorcycle taxi (ojek) drivers, teachers, nurses, doctors, students, street food vendors, and even civilian aircraft.

On March 2, 2022, for instance, several members of an armed Papuan group operating in Beoga Sub-district, Puncak District, killed eight Palaparing Timur Telematika (PTT) workers, who were repairing a base transceiver station (BTS) tower of state-owned telecommunications operator Telkomsel.

The workers were identified by their initials as B, R, BN, BT, J, E, S, and PD. Another worker, identified as NS, survived the deadly assault, according to Papua Police spokesperson Senior Commissioner Ahmad Kamal.

The killing of PTT workers is not the first such attack in the eastern Indonesian province.

On December 2, 2018, a group of armed Papuan terrorists had brutally killed 31 PT Istaka Karya workers, who were working on the Trans Papua project in Kali Yigi and Kali Aurak in Yigi Sub-district, Nduga District.

The terror group launching the brutal killings also slew a soldier, identified as Handoko, and injured two other security personnel, Sugeng and Wahyu.

 

Demikianlah, Kawan YEC, contoh news item text dalam bahasa Inggris. Dengan contoh-contoh seperti di atas, semoga kalian semakin paham ya dengan materi news item text!

 

Dapat memahami serta memproduksi teks dalam bahasa Inggris adalah salah satu kemampuan yang paling dicari saat ini. Agar kamu makin siap untuk berkompetisi di dunia akademik hingga dunia kerja, maka membiasakan bahasa Inggris adalah kuncinya. 

Bagi kamu yang ingin belajar bahasa Inggris dengan nyaman dan efektif, YEC punya solusinya untuk kamu. Bergabunglah dengan kelas kursus online YEC. Dengan pembelajaran melalui video dan dipandu dengan tutor serta guru yang bersertifikat dan berpengalaman, kamu pasti segera lancar berbahasa Inggris. KLIK DI SINI untuk informasi lebih lanjut dan raih kupon diskon untuk mendapatkan potongan harga yang menarik!

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