Part of Speech: Part 2 (Minor Word Classes)

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Disini akan dijelaskan Part of Speech yang termasuk The Other Word Classes, atau kelas kata selain kelas kata utama dalam kalimat bahasa Inggris, yaitu Preposition, Conjuction, Pronouns, Determiners, dan Interjections. Kelas kata utama di jelaskan pada artikel berikut:

Part of Speech: Part 1 (Major Word Classes)


Part of speech adalah word class atau kelas kata, dimana kata-kata dibagi menurut penggunaannya. Contoh: Preposition, Conjuction, Pronouns, Determiners, dan Interjections.



Preposisi menggambarkan hubungan antara kata-kata dari kelas kata utama. Preposisi yang umum digunakan seperti about, across, above, after, as, at, before, behind, below, by, during, for, in, on, out, over, up, until, with, because of, instead of, due to, such as etc.

Contoh dalam kalimat:

  • It was difficult to sleep during the light.
  • They were unable to attend the meeting because of the bad weather in Ireland.


Conjunction merupakan kata penghubung yang terdapat dalam kalimat. Conjunction dibagi menjadi 3 macam, seperti dijelaskan dibawah ini:

  • Coordinating conjunctions

Terdiri dari FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so), dan dapat menghubungkan kata dengan kata, klausa dengan kalusa, atau frasa dengan frasa, kalimat dengan kalimat, prefix dengan prefix.

Contoh: The exam was so difficult, yet my friends and I have passed it.

(Diatas, conjunction yet menghubungkan klausa, sementara conjunction and menghubungkan kata)

  • Subordinating conjunctions

Terdiri dari although, unless, after, before, since, if, etc

After we had talked on the phone, I wrote down what we had decided.

Everyone enjoyed fishing trip although no one caught any fish.

(Diatas, conjunctions after dan although menghubungkan dua independent clause)

  • Two-word conjunctions

Beberapa conjuction terdiri dari lebih dari bagian.

contohnya: either … or …, neither … nor …, but … also …

You can drink chocolate milk either hot in the winter or cold in the summer.


Pronouns merupakan kata ganti. Berikut adalah tipe pronouns dan contohnya.

Types of PronounExamples
PersonalI/me, you, we/us, she/her, he/him, it, they/them
Possessivemine, ours, hers,
Reflexiveourself, myself, himself
Interrogativewhose, who, which, what
Demonstrativethis, that, these, those
Indefinite-one, -body, -thing, one
Reciprocaleach other/each other’s, one another/one another’s
Relativewhom, who, whose, which, that

That’s Gerry in the photo. He lives in Barcelona.

This jacket’s mine.


Determiners biasanya terletak sebul kata benda dan menunjukkan kata benda apa yang mengikuti.Contoh: a/an, the, my, his, some, this, both, twenty, each, any,

Berikut merupakan tipe Determiners

  • Articles: a/an, the
  • Demonstratives: this, that, these, those
  • Possessives: my, your, his, her, its, our, their, x’s (possessive ’s)
  • Quantifiers: (a) few, fewer, (a) little, many, much, more, most, some, any, etc.
  • Numbers: one, two, three, etc.


I need some paper for my printer.

Have you got a ruler I can borrow?

Your book is on the sofa.


Interjections biasa diakhiri dengan tanda seru yang mengambarkan reaksi seseorang ketika sesuatu terjadi.

Contoh: ah! Ouch! Gosh! Wow! Oh!

Yippee! Tomorrow is weekend.

Wow! That is a beutiful scenery.

Nah sekarang kamu sudah tahu apa itu Part of Speech kan. Sekarang coba cek pemahaman kamu dengan mengerjakan latihan soal dibawah ini.

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Pilihlah termasuk kelas kata dari kata yang dicetak tebal

1. Are you ready for lunch yet?

2. She dresses like a character out of a 19th century novel.

3. Five people were arrested during an anti-war demonstration in London today.

4. Unless you call me to say you're not coming, I'll see you at the theatre.

5. It was okay, but I wouldn’t recommend it as a restaurant.

6. Are you ready for lunch yet?

7. The woman who I met was wearing a brown hat.

8. Have you seen my MP3 player anywhere?

9. We’re looking for someone young and energetic.

10. She prides herself on doing a good job.


Dan jika ada pertanyaan silakan tulis pada kolom komentar.

Part of Speech: Part 2 (Minor Word Classes)
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