Penggunaan Preposition: During, From, Out of, dan By (Part 1)

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Apa kamu sedang mencari tahu tentang:

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Di bawah ini merupakan penjelasan mengenai penggunaan preposisi during, from, out of, dan by, lengkap dengan contoh kalimat dan latihan soalnya.

During

Preposisi ini biasanya diikuti oleh sebuah Noun (kata benda) yang mengindikasikan waktu. During digunakan untuk menggambarkan durasi dari waktu, bisa diartikan selama, selagi, atau pada waktu.

Contoh:

During our vacation, we visited many relatives across the country.

During the summer, we do not have to study.

From

Preposisi ini merupakan kebalikan dari preposisi to.

Contoh: He came from Miami last night. adalah kebalikan dari He went to Miami.

  • Penggunaan umum dari from
from  + {a time / a place }  + to + {a time / a place }
  • He lived in France from 1972 to 1978.
  • We drove from Atlanta to New York today.
  • Expresi form yang umum digunakan.
from time to time (occasionally)
  • We visit the art museum from time to time.

Out of

Preposisi ini merupakan kebalikan dari preposisi into, dan biasa diartikan kehabisan, tidak ada, rusak, keluar.

  • Penggunaan umum dari out of
out of  + noun (to lack, to be without)
  • Emily went to the store because she was out of milk.
  • Expresi out of yang umum digunakan
  1. out of town
    Mr. Clark cannot see you this week because he is out of town.
  2. out of date (old = tua, usang, tidak up to date)
    Don’t use that dictionary. It’s out of date.
  3. out of work (jobless, unemployed, = pengangguran)
    Elleanor  has been very unhappy since she has been out of work.
  4. out of the question (impossible)
    Your request for the extension of credit is out of question.
  5. out of order (not functioning = rusak)
    My watch is out of order.

By

Preposisi ini bermakna to go past a place (melewati suatu tempat) atau to be near a place ( di dekat suatu tempat).

  • Penggunaan umum dari by
  1. Untuk mengindikasikan kalimat pasif.
    Laskar Pelangi was written by Andrea Hirata.
  2. by + specific time (before).
    We usually eat supper by six o’clock in the evening.
  3. by bus/plane/train/ship/car/bike (menunujukkan model transportasi)
    We travel to Jakarta by train.
  • Expresi umum dari by
  1. by then (before a time in the past or future)
    I will graduate from the university in 2019. By then, I hope to have found a job.
  2. by way of (via)
    We are driving to Jakarta by way of Bandung.
  3. by the way (incidentally)
    By the way, I’ve got two tickets for Saturday’s game. Would you like to go with me?
  4. by far (considerably)
    This book by far the best on the subject.
  5. by accident/by mistake (not intentionally, kebalikan on purpose)
    Nobody will receive a check on Friday because the wrong cards were put into the computer by accident.

Sudah jelas kan penggunaan dari preposisi during, from, out of, dan by? Sekarang untuk lebih memahami materi ini kerjakan latihan soal di bawah ini.

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Lengkapilah kalimat rumpang di bawah ini dengan memilih salah satu jawaban yang paling tepat.

1. She smacked her books down on the table and stormed ________ the room.

2. You should sit on the waiting room ________ the registration process.

3. A lot of English words come _______ Latin.

4. We had to use our neighbor’s telephone because ours was ________ .

5. We walked _______ the hotel to the station.

6. I think it’s  __________ to go hiking in rainy season.

7. Yohannes is riding his motorbike to Atlanta ________ Baton Rouge.

8. This article is ________ the best on the subject.

9. Ethan usually goes to school _______ seven o’clock in the morning.

10. Have you read any books _____ Charles Dickens?


 

Penggunaan Preposition: During, From, Out of, dan By (Part 1)
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