Pronouns: Subject Pronouns; Object Pronouns; Possessive Adjective (Part 1)

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  • subject pronoun object pronoun possessive adjective possessive pronoun
  • contoh subject and object pronouns
  • types of pronoun
  • example pronoun

Di bawah ini merupakan materi tentang Pronouns: Subject Pronouns; Object Pronouns; Possessive Adjective lengkap dengan contoh kalimat dan latihan soalnya.

Tipe Pronouns

Ada lima (5) macam bentuk Pronouns dalam bahasa Inggris, yaitu subject pronouns, object/complement pronouns, possessives pronouns, possessives adjectives, dan reflexive pronouns. Berikut merupakan masing-masing penjelasannya ya, scroll down.

Subject Pronouns

Subject pronouns menempati posisi subjek dalam sebuah kalimat atau terletak setelah verb ‘be’. Di bawah ini merupakan daftar subjek pronouns, pelajari baik-baik.

I              we
you         you
he
she          they
it

 

Contoh:

  • I am going to the store.
    subject
  • We have lived here for twenty years.
    subject
  • She and I have seen this movie before.
      subject
  • George and I would like to leave now.
        subject
  • We students are going to have a vacation.
       subject

Note:

  • Subject pronoun juga dapat digunakan setelah than, as, dan that.
  • We, you, dan us dapat langsung diikuti oleh sebuah kata benda. Pada contoh di atas, we studends memberikan keterangan

Complement Pronouns

Object/complement pronouns menempati posisi objek atau pelengkap pada sebuah kalimat, baik di melengkapi sebuah verb atau sebuah preposisi.

 

me         us
you        you
him
her         them
it

Contoh:

  • They called us on the phone.
                  object
  • The teacher gave him a bad grade.
                            object
  • John told her a story.
                object
  • The policeman was looking for him.
                                               object

To us, it seems like a good bargain.
After preposition

Mary is going to class with me.
                               After preposition

  • Meskipun demikian, ingatlah bahwa banyak preposisi yang dapat berfungsi sebagai kelas kata yang lain, seperti adverb atau conjunction.
  • Tetapi kamu juga harus memperhatikan kelas kata yang terdapat pada konteks, tidak hanya berdasar kepada pemahamanmu.

Contoh:

  • Janet will make her presentation after him.
  • Janet will make her presentation after he finished his speech.

(sebuah klausa yang terdiri dari subjek dan predikat. Pada klausa diatas he merupakan subjek dan finishes adalah kata kerja.

Possessives Adjectives

Possessive adjective berbeda dengan possessive pronouns. Possessive adjective berfungsi untuk memodifikasi daripada menggantikan noun. Possessive mengindikasikan kepemilikan.

my      our
you     your
his
her      their
its

Contoh:

  • Emily is eating her dinner.
  • This is not my book.
  • The cat has injured its foot.
  • The boy broke his arm yesterday.
  • She forgot her homework this morning.
  • My food is cold.

Note: Its berbeda dengan It’s.

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Pronouns: Subject Pronouns; Object Pronouns; Possessive Adjective (Part 1)
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