Simple Past vs Present Perfect Tense

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  • rumus simple past dan present perfect
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Di bawah ini merupakan penjelasan mengenai Simple Past Tense dan Present Perfect Tense lengkap dengan contoh soalnya.

Bandingkan!

Present Perfect Tense

  • I have lost my key.
  • Bill has gone now.
  • Have you seen Ann?
  • Have you ever been to New York?
  • My friend is a writer. He has written many books.
  • The letter hasn’t arrived yet.
  • We have lived in Australia for six years.
 

Simple Past Tense

  • I lost my key last week.
  • Bill went home ten minutes ago.
  • Did you see Ann on Saturday?
  • Did you go to Spain last year?
  • Shakespeare wrote many poems.
  • The letter didn’t arrive yesterday.

Simple Past Tense

Gunakan Simple Past Tense untuk menyatakan kejadian yang terjadi dan berakhir/selesai dilakukan di waktu lampau pada waktu tertentu.

Seperti pada contoh diatas “I lost my key last week” , adverb last week membantu menjelaskan bahwa kejadian tersebut  terjadi pada waktu tertentu.

Simple Past berorinetasi pasa kejadian/situasi nya.

Pola kalimatnya:

Subjet + Past Form (Verb 2) + Complement

Penanda waktu yang umum untuk Simple Past Tense: last night, last year, yesterday, today, ago, first, then, later, when

Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect Tense digunakan untuk menyatakan sudah/ telah. Terjadi pada waktu lampau, yang membedakan, present perfect menekankan pada hasil/efek dari sesuatu yang telah terjadi pada masa lampau.

Penggunaan umum Present Perfect Tense:

1. Menyatakan kejadian atau tindakan yang berulang.

Ketika suatu tindakan terjadi lebih dari satu kali di masa lalu, gunakan

contoh: I have seen this movie three times.

2. Umumnya digunakan dengan kata for dan since

  • for diikuti a duration of time (durasi waktu) seperti for 5 years, for 3 weeks, etc
  • since diikuti a particular time (waktu tertentu) seperti since I was child, since I came here etc.

Contoh: I have studied English for six semesters.

3. Digunakan dengan negative adverb “never”

Contoh: I have never been to Paris. bukan I did never go to Paris.

4. Ketika menggunakan pola kalimat tanya Present Perfect dengan ever

Contoh: Have you ever won the lottery?

Pola Kalimat Present Perfect Tense

Subjek + have + past participle (verb 3) untuk subjek I, you, they, we

Subjek + has + past participle (verb 3) untuk subjek he, she, it

Penanda (adverb) yang umum digunakan pada Present Perfect Tense: before, after, already, yet, for, since, recently, still, time

Nah, pasti teman-teman sudah paham kan masing-masing penggunaan dari dua tenses diatas? Sekarang uji pemahaman kalian dengan mengerjakan exercise di bawah ini.

Login dulu agar kamu bisa

  • Menyimpan hasil test
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  • Notifikasi exercise baru

Pilihlah jawaban yang paling tepat untuk melengkapi kalimat rumpang di bawah ini.

1. What time __________ to bed last night?

2. Last January, I __________ snow for the first time in my life.

3. I __________ my hair before breakfast this morning.

4. My friend is a writer. He __________ many books.

5. I _________ tennis yesterday afternoon.

6. ____________ a famous person?

7. Karen travels a lot. She __________ many countries.

8. My hair is wet. I _________ it.

9. ‘Is Tajib here?’ ‘No, he __________ yet.’

10. The weather ____________ very good yesterday.


 

Simple Past vs Present Perfect Tense
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